A prime goal on Juan Manuel Santos’ government was to progress towards a country with less poverty and greater equity. After eight years of work in different social fronts -such as early childhood, free education, housing for the lower income population, expansion in the coverage of essential public services- outstanding results were obtained that placed Colombia in the first place of decreasing poverty and first place of equity progress in the region. While in 2009, 40 out of every 100 Colombians were poor, in 2017 that proportion decrease to 27 out of every 100.

To focus the social investment in a better way, it was applied in Colombia, a stricter and more comprehensive way of poverty: the index of multidimensional poverty developed by the Nobel prize for economics Amartya Sen at the University of Oxford. The former president Santos has been appointed by this university as co-founder and spokesman of the Multidimensional Poverty Network. Which is why the fight against poverty is still at the center of his activities and concerns.